From The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews...
About "Civil Rights"
Martin Luther King, Jr.
"A special and unique relationship to Jews"
When we were working in Chicago, we had numerous rent strikes on the West Side, and it was unfortunately true that, in most
instances, the persons we had to conduct these strikes against were Jewish landlords. There was a time when the West Side
of Chicago was a Jewish ghetto, and when the Jewish community started moving out into other areas, they still owned the property
there, and all of the problems of the landlord came into being.
We were living in a slum apartment owned by a Jew and a number of others, and we had to have a rent strike.
We were paying $94 for four run-down, shabby rooms, and we would go out on our open housing marches on Gage Park and other
places and we discovered that whites with five sanitary, nice, new rooms, apartments with five rooms, were paying only $78
a month. We were paying 20 percent tax.
The Negro ends up paying a color tax, and this has happened in instances where Negroes actually confronted
Jews as the landlord or the storekeeper. The irrational statements that have been made are the result of these confrontations.
Clayborne Carson, ed., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. (New York: Warner Books, 1998),
Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael
"Jews also took an active part in the Dutch colonial slave trade; indeed, the bylaws of the Recife and Mauricia congregations
(1648) included an imposta (Jewish tax) of five soldos for each Negro slave a Brazilian Jew purchased
from the West Indies Company. Slave auctions were postponed if they fell on a Jewish
holiday. In Curacao in the seventeenth century, as well as in the British colonies of Barbados
and Jamaica in the eighteenth century, Jewish merchants played a major role in the slave trade. In fact, in all the American
colonies, whether French (Martinique), British, or Dutch, Jewish merchants frequently
"This was no less true on the North American mainland, where during the eighteenth
century Jews participated in the 'triangular trade' that brought slaves from Africa to the West Indies and there exchanged
them for molasses, which in turn was taken to New England and converted into rum for sale in Africa. Isaac Da Costa of Charleston
in the 1750's, David Franks of Philadelphia in the 1760's, and Aaron Lopez of Newport in the late 1760's and early 1770's
dominated Jewish slave trading on the American continent."
Read more of Rabbi Raphael's statement
"In Charleston, Richmond and Savannah
the large majority (over three-fourths) of the Jewish households contained one or more slaves; in Baltimore, only one out
of three households were slaveholding; in New York, one out of eighteen....Among the slaveholding households the median number
of slaves owned ranged from five in Savannah to one in New York." "The Jewish Population in 1820," in Abraham J. Karp, ed.,
The Jewish Experience in America: Selected Studies from the Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society (Waltham,
Massachusetts, 1969, 3 volumes), volume 2, pp. 2, 17, 19.
"The Jews of the Joden Savanne [Surinam] were
also foremost in the suppression of the successive negro revolts, from 1690 to 1722: these as a matter of fact were largely
directed against them, as being the greatest slave-holders of the region." History of the Marranos (Philadelphia: Jewish
Publication Society of America, 1932), p. 292.
Jacob Rader Marcus
"All through the eighteenth century, into the early nineteenth, Jews in the North were to own black servants; in the South,
the few plantations owned by Jews were tilled with slave labor. In 1820, over 75 percent of all Jewish families in Charleston,
Richmond, and Savannah owned slaves, employed as domestic servants; almost 40 percent of all Jewish householders in the United
States owned one slave or more. There were no protests against slavery as such by Jews in the South, where they were always
outnumbered at least 100 to 1....But very few Jews anywhere in the United States protested against chattel slavery on moral
grounds." United States Jewry, 1776-1985 (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989), p. 586.
the mockery of the Indian by Hyam Myer's "Wild West Show" in his book, The Colonial American Jew:
formal permission to exhibit some Mohawks in Europe. Myers sailed with the Indians before the proper certificate was forthcoming
from the Indian Commissioner, and had already begun to parade them in Holland and in the taverns of London when the Lords
of Trade urged Lieutenant-Governor Cadwallader Colden in New York to have Johnson put an end to the undertaking. From all
indications Myers made no money on his grand European tour, for he ended up owing the Indians money - or refusing to pay them.
Then, as now, there was "no business like show business!"
Isaac Mayer Wise, the
leader of the American Reform Jews, wrote of the California Indians:
"...though not total savages, [they] are very primitive and ignorant....[They do] nothing
besides loafing and begging....They catch trout in the river, and then sell them to buy ammunition, shoot rabbits, birds,
eat various roots and wild plants, also snakes, frogs, dogs, cats, and rats, and say, 'Me work no.' In conversation with several
of them I found that they have no particular home and are heathens."
Julius Kahn, San Francisco Jew
San Francisco the 12-term Congressman Julius Kahn was a Jew who was affiliated with Temple Emanu El. "The oath to the Japanese,"
he said, "would be but a hollow mockery, an empty formality signifying nothing. We do not want that kind of citizenship, and
we do not intend to have it, if we can prevent it." He spoke vehemently against Japanese immigration and naturalization even
as Jews pushed mightily for Eastern European immigration. The early 1900 saw passage of the Chinese Exclusion Acts which were
enthusiastically supported by Kahn and his constituents. He was such an advocate that the Acts were called the Kahn Exclusion
The American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society Report of 1853
Jews of the United States have never taken any steps whatever with regard to the slavery question. As citizens, they deem
it their policy to have every one choose which ever side he may deem best to promote his own interests and the welfare of
his country. They have no organization of an ecclesiastical body to represent their general views; no General Assembly, or
its equivalent. The American Jews have two newspapers, but they do not interfere in any discussion which is not material to
their religion. It cannot be said that the Jews have formed any denominational opinion on the subject of American slavery....The
objects of so much mean prejudice and unrighteous oppression as the Jews have been for ages, surely they, it would seem, more
than any other denomination, ought to be the enemies of caste, and friends of universal freedom."
Rabbi Bertram W. Korn
"It would seem to be realistic to conclude that any Jew who could afford to own slaves
and had need for their services would do so....Jews participated in every aspect and process of the exploitation of the defenseless
"Jews and Negro Slavery in the Old South, 1789-1865,"
in Abraham J. Karp, The Jewish Experience in America: Selected Studies from the Publications of the American Jewish Historical
Society (Waltham, Massachusetts, 1969), pp. 184, 189. [Dr. Korn is a rabbi, historian; A.B., Cincinnati, 1939; Hebrew
Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati, Ordination M.H.L. 1949; Sr. rabbi, Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel,
Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1949-; Chaplain, USNR, 1944-; Visiting professor, American Jewish History, Union College-Jewish
Institute of Religion, New York, 1962-; Honorary Overseer Gratz College of Pennsylvania; visiting professor, American Jewish
History, Dropsie University of Pennsylvania; 1970-; Recipient Merit Award, American Association for State & Local History,
Louis Epstein, author of Sex Laws and Customs in Judaism:
"The female slave was a sex tool beneath the level of moral considerations. She was an economic good, useful, in addition
to her menial labor, for breeding more slaves. To attain that purpose, the master mated her promiscuously according to his
breeding plans. The master himself and his sons and other members of his household took turns with her for the increase of
the family wealth, as well as for satisfaction of their extra-marital sex desires. Guests and neighbors too were invited to
Seymour B. Liebman
"They came with ships carrying African
blacks to be sold as slaves. The traffic in slaves was a royal monopoly, and the Jews were often appointed as agents for the
Crown in their sale....[They] were the largest ship chandlers in the entire Caribbean region, where the shipping business
was mainly a Jewish enterprise....The ships were not only owned by Jews, but were manned by Jewish crews and sailed under
the command of Jewish captains."
New World Jewry 1493-1825: Requiem for the Forgotten (KTAV, New York, 1982), pp. 170, 183. [Liebman is an attorney; LL.B., St. Lawrence University, 1929; M.A.
(Latin American history), Mexico City College, 1963; Florida chapter American Jewish Historical Society, 1956-58; Friends
of Hebrew University, 1958-59; American Historical Society Contributor to scholarly journals on Jewish history.
Herbert I. Bloom
"The Christian inhabitants [of Brazil]
were envious because the Jews owned some of the best plantations in the river valley of Pernambuco and were among the leading
slave-holders and slave traders in the colony."1
"Slave trade [sic] was one of the most important Jewish activities here
[in Surinam] as elsewhere in the colonies."2
1. , "A Study of Brazilian Jewish History
1623-1654, Based Chiefly Upon the Findings of the Late Samuel Oppenheim," Publications of the American Jewish Historical
Society, vol. 33 (1934), p. 63.
2. The Economic Activities of the Jews of Amsterdam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth
Centuries (Port Washington, New York/London: Kennikat Press, 1937), p. 159.
[Bloom is a rabbi; B.A., Columbia University, 1923, Ph.D., 1937; M.H.L., Jewish Institute of Religion,
1928, D.D., 1955; rabbi, Temple Albert, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1928-31. President Kingston Ministerial Association, 1945-46,
and 1959-60; B'nai B'rith; Zionist Organization of America; vice-president, National Prison Chaplain Board, since 1962; Social
Action Committee of Central Conference of American Rabbis, since 1947; Author: The Jews of Dutch Brazil, 1936; The
Economic Activities of the Jews of Amsterdam, 1937.]
"The West India Company, which monopolized imports
of slaves from Africa, sold slaves at public auctions against cash payment. It happened that cash was mostly in the hands
of Jews. The buyers who appeared at the auctions were almost always Jews, and because of this lack of competitors they could
buy slaves at low prices. On the other hand, there also was no competition in the selling of the slaves to the plantation
owners and other buyers, and most of them purchased on credit payable at the next harvest in sugar. Profits up to 300 percent
of the purchase value were often realized with high interest rates....If it happened that the date of such an auction fell
on a Jewish holiday the auction had to be postponed. This occurred on Friday, October 21, 1644."
Jews in Colonial Brazil (1960), pp. 72-3; [Note: Wiznitzer, Arnold Aharon, educator;
Born in Austria, December 20, 1899; Ph.D., University of Vienna, 1920; Doctor of Hebrew Literature, Jewish Theological Seminary
of America; Emeritus research professor, University of Judaism, Los Angeles; Contributor to historical journals in the United
States and Brazil including the Journal of Jewish Social Studies and the Publications of the American Jewish Historical
Society. Former president, Brazilian-Jewish Institute of Historical Research.]
Rabbi Morris Raphall
"[I]t remains a fact which cannot be gainsaid that in his own native home, and
generally throughout the world, the unfortunate negro is indeed the meanest of slaves. Much had been said respecting the inferiority
of his intellectual powers, and that no man of his race has ever inscribed his name on the Parthenon of human excellence,
either mental or moral."
Jews in the South
W.E.B. DuBois, future NAACP leader
"The Jew is the heir of the slave-baron in Dougherty [Georgia]; and as we ride westward, by wide stretching
cornfields and stubby orchards of peach and pear, we see on all sides within the circle of dark forest a Land of Canaan. Here
and there are tales of projects for moneygetting, born in the swift days of Reconstruction'improvement' companies, wine
companies, mills and factories; nearly all failed, and the Jew fell heir."
The Souls of Black Folk (1903) note: When DuBois tried to republish the
book in 1953, he succumbed to pressure to replace the word "Jew" with "foreigner."
The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion refers to Moses Maimonides as "the symbol of the
pure and orthodox faith." His Guide to the Perplexed is considered the greatest work of Jewish religious philosophy,
but his view of Blacks was Hitlerian:
"[T]he Negroes found in the remote South, and
those who resemble them from among them that are with us in these climes. The status of those is like that of irrational animals.
To my mind they do not have the rank of men, but have among the beings a rank lower than the rank of man but higher than the
rank of apes. For they have the external shape and lineaments of a man and a faculty of discernment that is superior to that
of the apes."
Philadelphia Jewish weekly The Jewish Record of January 23, 1863:
"We know not how
to speak in the same breath of the Negro and the Israelite. The very names have startlingly opposite sounds one representing
all that is debased and inferior in the hopeless barbarity and heathenism of six thousand years the other, the days when Jehovah
conferred on our fathers the glorious equality which led the Eternal to converse with them, and allow them to enjoy the communion
of angels. Thus the abandoned fanatics insult the choice of God himself, in endeavoring to reverse the inferiority which he
stamped on the African, to make him the compeer, even in bondage, of His chosen people.
"There is no parallel between
such races. Humanity from pole to pole would scout such a comparison. The Hebrew was originally free and the charter of his
liberty was inspired by his Creator. The Negro was never free and his bondage in Africa was simply duplicated in a milder
form when he was imported here....The judicious in all the earth agree that to proclaim the African equal to the surrounding
races, would be a farce which would lead the civilized conservatism of the world to denounce the outrage."
A Rabbi, 1956
"What our friends in the North do not fully
appreciate is the fact that there is no difference between most of the Jews and their Christian neighbors in their attitudes
toward the Negro. This is not a by-product of antisemitism, but an honest conviction. For these Jews desegregation presents
not merely a school problem, but also a problem of the mixing of races."
Major Mordecai Manuel Noah (1785-1851)
He was considered the most distinguished Jewish layman in his time. He was such a prolific proponent
of slavery, that the first Black American periodical, The Freedom's Journal, was launched in response to Noah's racist
propaganda. He actually defended slavery by calling it liberty:
"There is liberty under the name of slavery. A field
negro has his cottage, his wife, and children, his easy task, his little patch of corn and potatoes, his garden and fruit,
which are his revenue and property. The house servant has handsome clothing, his luxurious meals, his admitted privacy, a
kind master, and an indulgent and frequently fond mistress."
He argued that "the bonds of society must be kept as they
now are" and that "To emancipate the slaves would be to jeopardize the safety of the whole country." The Freedom's Journal
called Noah the Black man's "bitterest enemy" and William Lloyd Garrison,
the leading White abolitionist, called him the "lineal descendant of the monsters
who nailed Jesus to the cross."
Jews and Hollywood
Anti-Defamation League Charter
"For a number of years a tendency
has manifested itself in American life toward the caricaturing and defaming of Jews on the stage, in moving pictures. The
effect of this on the unthinking public has been to create an untrue and injurious impression of an entire people and to expose
the Jew to undeserved contempt, and ridicule. The caricatures center around some idiosyncrasy of the few which, by the thoughtless
public, is often taken as a pivotal characteristic of the entire people..."
Author of An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews invented Hollywood
"What is amazing is the extent to which they
succeeded in promulgating this fiction throughout the world. By making a "shadow" America, one which idealized every old glorifying
bromide about the country, the Hollywood Jews created a powerful cluster of images and ideas-so powerful that, in a sense,
they colonized the American imagination. . . . Ultimately, American values came to be defined largely by the movies the Jews
Lester D. Friedman
Author of Hollywood's Image of the
"Today, most people associate the blackface tradition with minstrel shows, and more particularly with Al Jolson.
In actuality, many Jewish performers gained early and continued success using it. Sophie Tucker was billed as the 'World Renowned
Coon Shouter' or more euphemistically as the 'Manipulator of Coon Melodies.' Eddie Cantor played Salome in drag and blackface,
while George Burns often toured with an even more comically stylized blackface than Jolson's. Later George Jessel often joined
Eddie Cantor on stage in various blackface routines...Indeed, it is too easy to ignore the derogatory aspects of such activities,
the unconscious racism accepted and nourished by such cruel parodies, by citing historical contexts. The undisguised elements
of ridicule in such blackface portrayals by Jews mimicking the outlandish stereotypes of blacks now looks suspiciously like
one group's desperate need to assert its own superiority by mimicking another. Such a motivation while perhaps unconscious
is nonetheless hard to ignore."
Rob Reiner, Film Director, on Hollywood in 1992:
"It's all run by Jews, even Disney. That's funny, because Walt Disney was a terrible reactionary.
If he found out that Jeffrey Katzenberg were running his company, he'd be spinning in his grave. That's a wonderful bit of
The REAL Anti-Defamation League
B'nai B'rith Magazine, May, 1925, vol. 39 :
Rastus: Whuffo' yo' 'jeculate yoself to me in dat onery
Cicero: Whoffo'? Nigguh, who do yo' calkerate yo' is?
Rastus: Yo' nigguh! mah family am quality folks an' ahm
a pusson of rank.
Cicero: Huh! ah'll have yo' triflin', Rastus, to know that ah'm ranker than you is.
"Jokes" like these appeared regularly in the B'nai B'rith Magazine even as the ADL fought this
kind of defamation of Jews. In photo is ADL current "leader" Abraham "Bull" Foxman.
"...it is true that the white man (and by this I mean Christian civilization in general) has proved himself to be the most
depraved devil imaginable in his attitudes towards the Negro race....The source and cause of this need for reaction can be
attributed to white contempt and neglect. The historical contempt that the white race held for the Negroes has created a group
of rootless degraded people. The current neglect of the problem can only irritate this deplorable state of affairs. The Black
Muslims should constitute a warning to our society, a warning that must be heeded if we are to preserve the society. The road
to freedom must be uphill, even if it is arduous and frustrating. A people must have dignity and identity. If they can't do
it peacefully, they will do it defensively."
Most Blacks seem more concerned with separatism as a means toward goals of group identity, group pride,
and local control, and as an intervening stage leading to the self-respect, autonomy, and power believed to be prerequisite
before meaningful integrtion within a truly pluralistic society can occur.
In theory, these concepts are part of a philosophical comitment with which few Jews could quarrel. In
fact, a persuasive argument might be presented to demonstrate how even a similar tactical approach to Jewish survival has
been succesfully applied and has reulted in the current positive position and status of the American Jewish community. However,
Black attempts to operationalize these concepts have raised sharply the question of the degree to which Jews here and now
remain committed to that philosophical stance.
Jews in the Black Ghetto
Long before Minister Farrakhan made
any reference to this phenomenon Jack Nusan Porter, a Jewish sociologist was very clear about it in his article entitled "Mr.
Goldberg and John Henry: The Relationship Between Afro-Americans and American Jews":
"The common stereotype of Jews owning the businesses in Black ghettos is based on solid evidence, not
fantasy. Jews in the East and Midwest own a disproportionate number of businesses in Black areas. [Two Jewish researchers
have shown] that some 40 percent of the stores are owned by Jews. [Another] study of 458 merchants in 15 cities (14 of the
largest plus Gary, Indiana but not including Los Angeles, Miami, Houston, or any other Southern city) had the following religious
breakdown of retail merchants: 37.9% were Jewish; 36.0% were Protestant; and 22.9% were Catholic... The breakdown by religion,
when race is considered, increases the number: 51.3% of the white merchants are Jewish; 18.7% are Protestant; and 27.0% are
Elie Weisel, Hate Teacher
"There is a time to love and a time to hate; whoever does not hate when he should does not
deserve to love when he should, does not deserve to love when he is able. Perhaps, had we learned to hate more during the
years of ordeal, fate itself would have taken fright. The Germans did their best to teach us, but we were poor pupils in the
discipline of hate....Every Jew, somewhere in his being, should set apart a zone of hate - healthy, virile hate - for what
the German personifies and for what persists in the German. To do otherwise would be a betrayal of the dead."
Legends of Our Time (1968), pp.177-78:
Compare and contrast with...
Black people. His comments are included for the reader to compare to the many Jewish notables
discussed here. Here is a sampling of Adolf Hitler's beliefs about the Black African:
"It does not dawn upon this depraved bourgeois world that here one has actually to do with a sin against all reason; that
it is a criminal absurdity to train a born half-ape until one believes a lawyer has been made of him, while millions of members
of the highest culture race have to remain in entirely unworthy positions; that it is a sin against the will of the eternal
Creator to let hundreds and hundreds of thousands of His most talented beings degenerate in the proletarian swamp of today,
while Hottentots and Zulu Kafirs are trained for intellectual vocations. For it is training, exactly as that of the poodle,
and not a scientific 'education'."
"In the most critical hour of our people, in the moment when we, practically abandoned
by all the world, made defenseless by our own fault, have to watch France setting out to occupy new territories, while African
negroes rape our women and children,..."
"The black disgrace works havoc on the Rhine. Women, girls and children pay
for the bestial negroes' lust with their death. An uninterrupted stream of poison and disease flows into the blood of our
people. Moroccan syphilis drives thousands of victims towards a cruel death..."
"All great cultures of the past perished
only because the originally creative race died off through blood poisoning."
"...and one seeks compensation by success
with Hottentots and Zulu Kafirs, with the blessing of the Church. While our European peoples, the Lord be praised and thanked,
fall into a state of physical and moral leprosy, the pious missionary wanders to Central Africa and establishes negro missions,
till there our 'higher culture' will have turned healthy, though primitive and inferior, human children into a foul breed
"What we see before us of human culture today, the results of art, science, and techniques, is almost
exclusively the creative produce of the Aryan....Without this possibility of utilizing inferior men, the Aryan would never
have been able to take the first steps towards his later culture; exactly as, without the help of various suitable animals
which he knew how to tame, he would never have arrived at a technology which now allows him to do without these very animals.
The words 'Der Mohr hat seine Schuldigkeit getan, er kann gehen' (The Moor has done his duty, he may go) has [sic] unfortunately
too deep a meaning."
Robert A. Rockaway, is a senior lecturer in the Department of Jewish History at Tel Aviv University.
"After the first World War, Jewish Gangsters became major figures in the American underworld and played
prominent roles in the creation and extension of organized crime in the United States. During Prohibition fifty percent of
the leading bootleggers were Jews, and Jewish criminals financed and directed much of the nations narcotics traffic. Jews
also dominated illicit activities in a number of America's largest cities, including Boston, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis,
New York, and Philadelphia."
Prof. Selwyn Cudjoe:
"The position then is very clear, Zionism is racist, it is colonial and
perforce expansionist...it constitutes an intolerable and repulsive ideological position that is detrimental to peace in the
world. It must be equated with South African apartheid."
- Wellesley College Prof. Selwyn Cudjoe in the Trinidad Guardian, 1975, as quoted in the Trinidad
Guardian, May 22, 2000, p.13. Unfortunately Cudjoe was the "responsible" negro-on-duty representing the Jews at Wellesley
College in their attack on Prof. Tony Martin alleging anti-semitic behaviour. His shameless angling for Jewish rewards was