Some call it Marxism -- I call it Judaism." (The American Bulletin, Rabbi S. Wise, May 5, 1935).
"It is legitimate to adopt a critical attitude toward the relatively large number of Jews who particularly
in the first decade after the Bolshevik revolution collaborated with the Soviet Government in the persecution of other peoples."
Statement of researcher Michael Mills, an official of the government of Australia at Canberra. (Source: Forward, March
Robert Wilton, a long time Russia correspondent for the London Times, said in his book The Last Days
of the Romanovs "According to the data furnished by the Soviet press, out of 556 important functionaries of the Bolshevik
State . . .there were in 1918-1919: 17 Russians, 2 Ukrainians, 11 Armenians, 35 Lets, 15 Germans, 1 Hungarian, 10 Georgians,
2 Poles, 2 Finns, 1 Karaim, 457 Jews.
As the decades past by--after the fateful year 1917--Judaized Khazars kept a firm hand on the helm of the
government in the occupied land of Russia. In due time they built a bureaucracy to their heart's desire."
"The Communist soul is the soul of Judaism. Hence it follows that, just as in the Russian revolution the triumph
of Communism was the triumph of Judaism, so also in the triumph of fascism will triumph Judaism." (A Program for the Jews
and Humanity, Rabbi Harry Waton, p. 143-144).
The American Hebrew September 10, 1920 "The Bolshevist revolution in Russia was the work of Jewish
brains, of Jewish dissatisfaction, of Jewish planning, whose goal is to create a new order in the world. What was performed
in so excellent a way in Russia, thanks to Jewish brains, and because of Jewish dissatisfaction, and by Jewish planning, shall
also, through the same Jewish mental and physical forces, become a reality all over the world."
Mr. Summers, US Consul General in Moscow on May 2, 1918 sent a telegram to the Secretary of State in Washington
DC saying in part: "Jew predominant in local Soviet government, anti-Jewish feeling growing among population which tends
to regard oncoming Germans as delivereers."
In 1920, Winston Churchill wrote a long newspaper article regarding the recent Bolshevik seizure of Russia.
After praising what he called the "national Jews" of Russia, he said:
"In violent opposition to all this sphere of
Jewish efforts rise the schemes of the International Jews. The adherents of this sinister confederacy are mostly men reared
up among the unhappy populations of countries where Jews are persecuted on account of their race. Most, if not all, of them
have forsaken the faith of their forefathers, and divorced from their minds all spiritual hopes of the next world. This movement
among the Jews is not new. From the days of Spartacus-Weishaupt to those of Karl Marx, and down to Trotsky (Russia), Bela
Kun (Hungary), Rosa Luxemburg (Germany), and Emma Goldman (United States), this world-wide revolutionary conspiracy for the
overthrow of civilization and for the reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence,
and impossible equality, has been steadily growing. It played, as a modern writer, Mrs. Webster has ably shown, a definite
recognizable part in the tragedy of the French Revolution. It has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during
the Nineteenth Century; and now at last this band of extraordinary personalities from the underworlds of the great cities
of Europe and America have gripped the Russian people by the hair of their heads and have become practically the undisputed
masters of the enormous empire.
There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creating of Bolshevism and in the
actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by these international and for the most part atheistic Jews. It is certainly
the very great one; it probably outweighs all others. With the notable exception of Lenin, the majority of the leading figures
are Jews. Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from the Jewish leaders... In the Soviet institutions
the predominance of Jews is even more astounding. And the prominent if not the principal part in the system of terrorism applied
by the extraordinary Commissions for combating Counter Revolution has been take by Jews, and in some notable cases by Jewesses.
The same evil prominence was obtained by Jews in the brief period of terror during which Bela Kun ruled in Hungary. The same
phenomenon has been presented in Germany (especially Bavaria), so far as this madness has been allowed to prey upon the temporary
prostration of the German people. Although in all these countries there are many nonJews every whit as bad as the worst of
the Jewish revolutionaries, the part played by the latter in proportion to their numbers in the population is astonishing.
("Zionism versus Bolshevism: A Struggle for the Soul of the Jewish People." Illustrated Sunday Herald, London, February
"The Red Terror became so wide-spread that it is impossible to give here all the details of the principal
means employed by the [Jewish] Cheka(s) to master resistance; one of the most important is that of hostages, taken among all
social classes. These are held responsible for any anti-Bolshevist movements (revolts, the White Army, strikes, refusal of
a village to give its harvest etc.) and are immediately executed. Thus, for the assassination of the Jew Ouritzky, member
of the Extraordinary Commission of Petrograd, several thousands of them were put to death, and many of these unfortunate men
and women suffered before death various tortures inflicted by cold-blooded cruelty in the prisons of the Cheka.
in front of me photographs taken at Kharkoff, in the presence of the Allied Missions, immediately after the Reds had abandoned
the town; they consist of a series of ghastly reproductions such as: Bodies of three workmen taken as hostages from a factory
which went on strike. One had his eyes burnt, his lips and nose cut off; the other two had their hands cut off.
of hostages, S. Afaniasouk and P. Prokpovitch, small landed proprietors, who were scalped by their executioners; S. Afaniasouk
shows numerous burns caused by a white hot sword blade. The body of M. Bobroff, a former officer, who had his tongue and one
hand cut off and the skin torn off from his left leg.
Human skin torn from the hands of several victims by means of a
metallic comb. This sinister find was the result of a careful inspection of the cellar of the Extraordinary Commission of
Kharkoff. The retired general Pontiafa, a hostage who had the skin of his right hand torn off and the genital parts mutilated.
Mutilated bodies of women hostages: S. Ivanovna, owner of a drapery business, Mme. A.L. Carolshaja, wife of a colonel,
Mmo. Khlopova, a property owner. They had their breasts slit and emptied and the genital parts burnt and having trace of coal.
Bodies of four peasant hostages, Bondarenko, Pookhikle, Sevenetry, and Sidorfehouk, with atrociously mutilated faces,
the genital parts having been operated upon by Chinese torturers in a manner unknown to European doctors in whose opinion
the agony caused to the victims must have been dreadful.
It is impossible to enumerate all the forms of savagery which
the Red Terror took. A volume would not contain them. The Cheka of Kharkoff, for example, in which Saenko operated, had the
specialty of scalping victims and taking off the skin of their hands as one takes off a glove...At Voronege the victims were
shut up naked in a barrel studded with nails which was then rolled about. Their foreheads were branded with a red hot iron
five pointed star. At Tsaritsin and at Kamishin their bones were sawed...At Keif the victim was shut up in a chest containing
decomposing corpses; after firing shots above his head his torturers told him that he would be buried alive. The chest was
buried and opened again half an hour later when the interrogation of the victim was proceeded with. The scene was repeated
several times over. It is not surprising that many victims went mad." (S.P. Melgounov, p. 164-166; The Secret Powers Behind
Revolution, by Vicomte Leon De Poncins, p. 151-153).
"The Communists are against religion (Christianity), and they seek to destroy religion; yet, when we look
deeper into the nature of Communism, we see that it is essential nothing else than a religion (Judaism)." (A Program for
the Jews and Humanity, Rabbi Harry Waton, p. 138).
"The Jews welcome this revolution in the Christian world, and the Jews should show an example. It is not
an accident that Judaism gave birth to Marxism, and it is not an accident that the Jews readily took up Marxism: all this
was in perfect accord with the progress of Judaism and the Jews." (A Program for the Jews and Humanity, by Rabbi Harry
Waton, p. 148).
"We have exterminated the property owners in Russia. We are going to do the same thing in Europe and America."
(The Jew, December 1925, Zinobit)
Sons of Israel! The hour of our ultimate victory is near. We stand on the threshold to the command of
the world. That which we could only dream of before us is about to be realized. Only quite recently feeble and powerless,
we can now, thanks to the world's catastrophe, raise our heads with pride. We must, however, be careful. It can surely be
prophesied that, after we have marched over ruined and broken altars and thrones, we shall advance further on the same indicated
The authority of the, to us, alien religions and doctrines of faith we have through very successful propaganda,
subject to a merciless criticism and mockery. We have brought the culture, civilization, traditions and thrones of the Christian
Nations to stagger. We have done everything to bring the Russian people under the yoke of the Jewish power, and ultimately
compelled them to fall on their knees before us.
We have nearly completed all this but we must all the same be very cautious,
because the oppressed Russia is our arch-enemy. The victory over Russia, gained through our intellectual superiority, may
in the future, in a new generation, turn against us.
Russia is conquered and brought to the ground. Russia is in the agony
of death under our heel, but do not forget, not even for a moment, that we must be careful! The holy care for our safety does
not allow us to show either pity or mercy. At last we have been allowed to behold the bitter need of the Russian people, and
to see it in tears! By taking from them their property, their gold, we have reduced this people to helpless slaves. Be cautious
and silent! We ought to have no mercy for our enemy. We must make an end of the best and leading elements of the Russian people,
so that the vanquished Russia may not find any leader!
Thereby every possibility will vanish for them to resist our power.
We must excite hatred and disputes between workers and peasants. War and the class-struggle will destroy all treasures and
culture created by the Christian people. But be cautious, sons of Israel! Our victory is near, because our political and economic
power and influence upon the masses are in rapid progress. We buy up Government loans and gold, and thereby we have controlling
power over the world's exchanges. The power is in our hands, but be careful, place no faith in traitorous shady powers!
(Trotsky), Apfelbaum (Zinovieff), Rosenfeld (Kamaneff), Steinberg, all of them are like unto thousands of other true sons
of Israel. Our power in Russia is unlimited. In the towns, the Commissariats and Commissions of Food, House Commissions, etc.,
are dominated by our people. But do not let victory intoxicate you. Be careful, cautious, because no one except yourselves
will protect us! Remember we cannot rely on the Red Army, which one day may turn its warfare on ourselves.
Sons of Israel!
The hour for our long-cherished victory over Russia is near; close up solid your ranks! Make known our people's national policy!
Fight for eternal ideals! Keep holy the old laws, which history has bequeathed to us! May our intellect, our genius, protect
and lead us!" (The Central Committee of the Petersburg Branch of the Israelite International League).
"The Jews were now free to indulge in their most fervent fantasies of mass murder of helpless victims.
Christians were dragged from their beds, tortured and killed. Some were actually sliced to pieces, bit by bit, while others
were branded with hot irons, their eyes poked out to induce unbearable pain. Others were placed in boxes with only their heads,
hands and legs sticking out. Then hungry rats were placed in the boxes to gnaw upon their bodies. Some were nailed to the
ceiling by their fingers or by their feet, and left hanging until they died of exhaustion. Others were chained to the floor
and left hanging until they died of exhaustion. Others were chained to the floor and hot lead poured into their mouths. Many
were tied to horses and dragged through the streets of the city, while Jewish mobs attacked them with rocks and kicked them
to death. Christian mothers were taken to the public square and their babies snatched from their arms. A red Jewish terrorist
would take the baby, hold it by the feet, head downward and demand that the Christian mother deny Christ. If she would not,
he would toss the baby into the air, and another member of the mob would rush forward and catch it on the tip of his bayonet.
Pregnant Christian women were chained to trees and their babies cut out of their bodies. There were many places of public
execution in Russia during the days of the revolution, one of which was described by the American Rohrbach Commission: 'The
whole cement floor of the execution hall of the Jewish Cheka of Kiev was flooded with blood; it formed a level of several
inches. It was a horrible mixture of blood, brains and pieces of skull. All the walls were bespattered with blood. Pieces
of brains and of scalps were sticking to them. A gutter of 25 centimeters wide by 25 centimeters deep and about 10 meters
long was along its length full to the top with blood.
Some bodies were disemboweled, others had limbs chopped off, some
were literally hacked to pieces. Some had their eyes put out, the head, face and neck and trunk were covered with deep wounds.
Further on, we found a corpse with a wedge driven into its chest. Some had no tongues. In a corner we discovered a quantity
of dismembered arms and legs belonging to no bodies that we could locate.'" (Defender Magazine, October 1933).
"The world revolution which we will experience will be exclusively our affair and will rest in
our hands. This revolution will tighten the Jewish domination over all other people." - Le Peuple Juif, February 8, 1919.
"The governments of the peoples included in this world republic, with the aid of the victorious proletariat, all will fall
without difficulty into Jewish hands. Private property will then be strangled by the Jewish directors, who will administer
the state patrimony everywhere. Thus the promise of the Talmud will be fulfilled, that is, the promise that the Jews, at the
arrival of the Messiah, will possess the key to the wealth of all the peoples of the earth." - Baruch Levy, in a letter to
Karl Marx, published in the Rothschild controlled La Revue de Paris, June 1, 1928.
the crucial insight that the crimes perpetrated by Jewish communists against Germans and Russians instilled in those people
a desire for retribution: "In the Soviet institutions the predominance of Jews is even more astonishing. And the prominent,
if not indeed, the principal, part in the system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary Commissions for Combating Counter-Revolution
has been taken by Jews, and in some notable cases by Jewesses. The same evil prominence was obtained by Jews in the brief
period of terror during which Bela Kun ruled in Hungary. The same phenomenon has been presented in Germany (especially in
Bavaria), so far as this madness has been allowed to prey upon the temporary prostration of the German people...The fact that
in many cases Jewish interests and Jewish places of worship are excepted by the Bolsheviks from their universal hostility
has tended more and more to associate the Jewish race in Russia with villainies which are now being perpetrated...Needless
to say, the most intense passions of revenge have been excited in the breasts of the Russian people."
the winter of 1920 the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics comprised 52 governments with 52 Extraordinary Commissions (Cheka),
52 special sections and 52 revolutionary tribunals, Moreover numberless 'Este-Chekas,' Chekas for transport systems, Chekas
for railways, tribunals for troops for internal security, flying tribunals sent for mass executions on the spot. To this list
of torture chambers the special sections must be added, 16 army and divisional tribunals. In all a thousand chambers of torture
must be reckoned, and if we take into consideration that there existed at this time cantonal Chekas, we must add even more.
Since then the number of Soviet Governments has grown: Siberia, the Crimea, the Far East, have been conquered. The number
of Chekas has grown in geometrical proportion.
According to direct data (in 1920, when the Terror had not diminished and
information on the subject had not been reduced) it was possible to arrive at a daily average figure for each tribunal: the
curve of executions rises from one to fifty (the latter figure in the big centers) and up to one hundred in regions recently
conquered by the Red Army. The crises of Terror were periodical, then they ceased, so that it is possible to establish the
(modes) figure of five victims a day which multiplied by the number of one thousand tribunals give five thousand, and about
a million and a half per annum!" (S.P. Melgounov, p. 104; The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, by Vicomte Leon De Poncins,
"Let us recall that on July 17, 1918 at Ekaterinenburg, and on the order of the Cheka (order
given by the Jew Sverdloff from Moscow) the commission of execution commanded by the Jew Yourowsky, assassinated by shooting
or by bayoneting the Czar, Czarina, Czarevitch, the four Grand Duchesses, Dr. Botkin, the man-servant, the woman-servant,
the cook and the dog. The members of the imperial family in closest succession to the throne were assassinated in the following
night. The Grand Dukes Mikhailovitch, Constantinovitch, Vladimir Paley and the Grand Duchess Elisabeth Feodorovna were thrown
down a well at Alapaievsk, in Siberia. The Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovitch was assassinated at Perm with his suite.
was not right when he said: 'An odd fancy sometimes comes into my head: What would happen in Russia if instead of three million
Jews which are there, there were three million Russians and eighty million Jews? What would have happened to these Russians
among the Jews and how would they have been treated? Would they have been placed on an equal footing with them? Would they
have permitted them to pray freely? Would they not have simply made them slaves, or even worse: would they not have simply
flayed the skin from them? Would they not have massacred them until completely destroyed, as they did with other peoples of
antiquity in the times of their olden history?" (Nicholas Sokoloff, L'enquete judiciaire sur l'Assassinat de la famille imperiale.
Payot, 1924; The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, by Vicomte Leon De Poncins, pp. 153-154)
a Jew and is surrounded by a crowd of little, more or less intelligent, scheming, agile, speculating Jews, just as Jews are
everywhere, commercial and banking agents, writers, politicians, correspondents for newspapers of all shades; in short, literary
brokers, just as they are financial brokers, with one foot in the bank and the other in the socialist movement, and their
arses sitting upon the German press. They have grabbed hold of all newspapers, and you can imagine what a nauseating literature
is the outcome of it.
Now this entire Jewish world, which constitutes an exploiting sect, a people of leeches, a voracious
parasite, Marx feels an instinctive inclination and a great respect for the Rothschilds. This may seem strange. What could
there be in common between communism and high finance? Ho ho! The communism of Marx seeks a strong state centralization, and
where this exists there must inevitably exist a state central bank, and where this exists, there the parasitic Jewish nation,
which speculates upon the labor of the people, will always find the means for its existence...
In reality, this would
be for the proletariat a barrack regime, under which the workingmen and the working closely and intimately connected with
one another, regarless not only of frontiers but of political differences as well - this Jewish world is today largely at
the disposal of Marx or Rothschil. I am sure that, on the one hand, the Rothschilds appreciate the merits of Marx, and that
on the other hand, women, converted into a uniform mass, would rise, fall asleep, work and live at the beat of the drum; the
privilege of ruling would be in the hands of the skilled and the learned, with a wide scope left for profitable crooked deals
carried on by the Jews, who would be attracted by the enormous extension of the international speculations of the national
banks... (Polémique contres les Juifs)
Bakunyin, Mikhyl: 19th century Russian revolutionary
Wayne McGuire of Harvard University writes: "Lenin was a Jew by the standards of Israel's Law of Return: he possessed a Jewish
grandparent. It would seem that not only was Lenin a Jew, but that he was a Jewish racist and chauvinist, although he kept
his ideas on this volatile subject far in the background, probably because they were in radical conflict with the supposed
universalism of Marxism... Lenin was a Jewish racist who deliberately gave Jews especially, the most 'intellectually demanding
tasks.' He admitted that 50% of the communist terrorist vanguard in the south and west of Russia was comprised of Jews."
"There the great universally progressive features of Jewish culture have made themselves clearly felt: its internationalism,
its responsiveness of the advanced movements of our times (the percentage of Jews in democratic and proletarian movements
is everywhere higher than the percentage of Jews in the general population.)
...Those Jewish Marxists who join up in the
international Marxist organizations with the Russian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian and other workers, adding their might (both in
Russian and in Jewish) to the creation of an international culture of the working class movement, are continuing the best
traditions of Jewry." Vladimir Lenin, Founder of Bolshevik Communist (From an article in Northern Pravda, October-December
1913, qouted in Lenin on the Jewish Question, page 10)
Alexander Solzhenitsyn's biographer recounts
what it was like to grow up as a Russian Christian child among the children of the Jewish communist elite: By the age of ten
he had the cross ripped from his neck by jeering Pioneers and for over a year was held up to ridicule...Solzhenitsyn was,
as a boy, exposed to students whose parents had an officially superior status. Most of the members of the Young Pioneers and
Komsomol movements, at least in Rostov, were Jewish children..." (Michael Scammell, Solzhenitsyn: A Biography, p. 64).
Trotsky said of Russia: "- We should turn Her (Russia) into a desert populated
with white Nigers. We will impose upon them such a tyranny that was never dreamt by the most hideous despots of the East.
The peculiar trait of that tyranny is that it will be enacted from the left. Rather than the right and it will be red rather
than white in color. Its color will be red literally because we would spill such torrents of blood that will pale all human
losses of the capitalist wars and make (the survivors) shudder. The largest overseas banks will cooperate with us most closely.
If we win the Revolution and squash Russia, on the funeral pyres of its remains we will strengthen the power of Zionism and
become a power the whole world would drop in the face of on its knees. We will show (to the world) what the real power means.
By way of terror and blood baths we will bring Russian intelligencia into the state of total stupor, to idiocy, to the animal
state of being...And so far our young men dressed in leather - the sons of watch repair men from Odessa and Orsha, Gomel and
Vinnitza - oh, how beautifully, how brilliantly do they master hatred of everything Russian! With what a great delight do
they physically destroy Russian intelligencia - officers, engineers, teachers, priests, generals, agronomists, academicians,
writers!" (Secrete Forces in History of Russia. U.K. Begunov 1995, p 148. Source: Simanovich, Aaron Samuilovich. Recollections
of the secretary of Grigoriy Rasputin. Paris, 1922. Cited by: Hatushin V. Working cattle for the Jews. Young Guards. M., 1991
8, C. 55)
"Many Jewish leaders of the early days of the revolution have been done to death during the Trotsky
trials, others are in prison. Trotsky-Bronstein is in exile. Jankel Gamarnik, the Jewish head of the political section of
the army administration, is dead. Another ferocious Jew, Jagoda (Guerchol Yakouda), who was for a long time head of the G.P.U.,
is now in prison. The Jewish general, Jakir, is dead, and along with him a number of others sacrificed by those of his race.
And if we are to judge by the fragmentary and sometimes even contradictory lists which reach us from the Soviet Union, Russians
have taken the places of certain Jews on the highest rungs of the Soviet official ladder. Can we draw from this the conclusion
that Stalin's government has shaken itself free of Jewish control and has become a National Government? Certainly no opinion
could be more erroneous or more dangerous than that...
The Jews are yielding ground at some points and are sacrificing
certain lives, in the hope that by clever arrangements they may succeed in saving their threatened power. They still have
in their hands the principal levers of control. The day they will be obliged to give them up the Marxist edifice will collapse
like a house of cards.
To prove that, though Jewish domination is gravely compromised, the Jews are still in control,
we have only to take the list of the highly placed officials of the Red State. The two brothers-in-law of Stalin, Lazarus
and Moses Kaganovitch, are ministers of Transport and of Industry, respectively; Litvinoff (Wallach-Jeyer- Finkelstein) still
directs the foreign policy of the Soviet Union...The post of ambassador at Paris is entrusted to the Jew, Louritz, in place
of the Russian, Potemkine, who has been recalled to Moscow. If the ambassador of the U.S.S.R. in London, the Jew Maiski, seems
to have fallen into disgrace, it is his fellow-Jew, Samuel Kagan, who represents U.S.S.R. on the London Non-Intervention Committee.
A Jew named Yureneff (Gofmann) is the ambassador of the U.S.S.R. at Berlin...Since the beginning of the discontent in the
Red Army the guard of the Kremlin and the responsibility for Stalin's personal safety is confided to the Jewish colonel, Jacob
All the internment camps, with their population of seven million Russians, are in charge of the Jew, Mendel
Kermann, aided by the Jews, Lazarus Kagan and Semen Firkin. All the prisons of the country, filled with working men and peasants,
are governed by the Jew, Kairn Apeter. The News-Agency and the whole Press of the country are controlled by the Jews...The
clever system of double control, organized by the late Jankel Gamarnik, head of the political staff of the army, is still
functioning, so far as we can discover. I have before me the list of these highly placed Jews, more powerful than the Bluchers
and the Egonoffs, to whom the European Press so often alludes. Thus the Jew, Aronchtam, whose name is never mentioned, is
the Political Commissar of the Army in the Far East: the Jew Rabinovitch is the Political Commissar of the Baltic Fleet, etc.
All this goes to prove that Stalin's government, in spite of all its attempts at camouflage, has never been, and will
never be, a national government. Israel will always be the controlling power and driving force behind it. Those who do not
see that the Soviet Union is not Russian must be blind."
(The Rulers of Russia, Denis Fahey) __________
Jewish Founders of the Russian Social-Democratic Movement in 1883
Helfmann, Jewish Assassin of Czar Alexander
"Utin was followed by a great number of Jews including Mark Natanson, the founder of the Russian Narodnik movement,
Paul Axeirod who together with George Plckahnov and Vera Zasulitch formed the "Triumvirate" of the founders of the Russian
Social-Democratic movement in 1883, Rosalie Bograd who married Plekhanov, Meir Molodetsky, Gregory Goldenberg, Mw Deutch,
Vladimir Jochelson, Aaron Sundelievitch, and Hesya Helfmann, who was among those sentenced to death for the assassination
of Czar Alexander."
-- Philip Mendes, THE NEW LEFT, THE JEWS AND THE VIETNAM WAR, 1965-1972, Lazare Press,
North Caulfield, Victoria, Australia, p 10 from information found in: Parkin, A.L. The Origins of the Russian-Jewish Labour
Movement. F.W.Cheshire Pty Ltd. Melbourne. 1947. pp8O-84; Feuer, Op Cit, pp157-158; Ascher, Abraham. "Pavel Axelrod: A
Conflict Between Jewish Loyalty and Revolutionary Dedication" in Russian Review 24 1965, pp249-265; Schapiro, Leonard.
"The Role of the Jews in the Russian Revolutionary Movement" in Slavonic and East European Review 490 (Dec 1961), pp