King Senusret III. (Khakaure) (1878-1841) was one
of the greatest pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty, but we can regard him the most powerful ruler at that time.
He maybe ruled when Jacob entered Egypt and received a blessing from Jacob, that
is what some historians believe.
He is probably the best attested king of the New Kingdom. He ruled the country for perhaps as long as 37
years. Senusret III is probably also the best known of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs to the public because of his many naturalistic
statues showing a man with often heavy eye-lids and lined continence.
Manetho describes him as a great warrior with great military army, not surprisingly, because he also says
he was "of great height at 4 cubits, 3 palms and 2 fingers" (over 6 ft, 6 in or 2 meters).
In addition, he may also have been the model for the Senusret of Maetho and Herodotus, who was probably a composite, heroic
Middle Kingdom ruler who was suppose to be a model for future pharaohs.
He maybe ruled when Jacob entered Egypt and received a blessing from Jacob, that is what some historians
The pharaohs of the 12th Dynasty were exceptionally long lived. For example, Senusret III reigned 41 years.
Therefore, a number of co-regents would have died before becoming pharaoh in their own right.
Senusret III leads an expedition against Syria for plunder rather than conquest, c.1850–60. Also
in the dynasty 12 of the middle kingdom, Senusret III turned his attention to Nubia. He carried out at least 4 major campaigns
against the power of Nubia in about 10 years just. After a series of battles, he pushed Egypt's boundary further south than
any previous Egyptian ruler. That because Egypt fearing from the growing strength of the people of Kush who built many fortresses
at that time.
Senusret III built a temple and town in Abydos, and another temple in Medamud.
The pyramid of Senusret III
Senusret III had his pyramid built at Dahshur, a mostly Middle Kingdom necropolis. It was the largest of
the 12th Dynasty pyramids, but like the others with mud brick cores, after the casing was removed it deteriorated badly. In
the excavation season of 1894-1895, Jacques de Morgan also found the tombs of Queen Mereret and princess Sit-Hathor near the
northern enclosure wall of Senusret III's pyramid complex. Also found with these tombs were some fine jewelry, missed by earlier
The pyramid of Senusret III
Some Egyptologists doubt in some facts about his pyramid, that Senusret III was buried in this pyramid.
He also had an elaborate tomb and complex built in South Abydos. This huge complex stretches
over a kilometer between the edge of the Nile floodplain and the foot
of the high desert
cliffs that form the western boundary of the valley. This complex consists of an underground tomb which, at least at one time,
was considered to be the largest in Egypt - that may have been eclipsed by the discovery of the Tomb of Ramses II
's Sons in the Valley of the Kings
Other components include a mortuary temple at the edge of the cultivated fields and a town south of the
tomb that supported the complex. The name of this funerary complex was "Enduring are the Places of Khakaure Justified in Abydos".
Senusret III is further attested by blocks from a doorway found near Qantir and by his rock inscriptions near the island of
Sehel south of Aswan that record the reopening of the bypass canal.