12.10.2004 - By Amiram Barkat
A few weeks ago, a senior Greek Orthodox clergyman in Israel
attended a meeting at a government office in Jerusalem's Givat Shaul quarter. When he returned to his car, an elderly man
wearing a skullcap came and knocked on the window. When the clergyman let the window down, the passerby spat in his face.
The clergyman prefered not to lodge a complaint with the police
and told an acquaintance that he was used to being spat at by Jews. Many Jerusalem clergy have been subjected to abuse of
this kind. For the most part, they ignore it but sometimes they cannot.
On Sunday, a fracas developed when a yeshiva student spat at
the cross being carried by the Armenian Archbishop during a procession near the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City. The archbishop's
17th-century cross was broken during the brawl and he slapped the yeshiva student.
Both were questioned by police and the yeshiva student will
be brought to trial. The Jerusalem District Court has meanwhile banned the student from approaching the Old City for 75 days.
But the Armenians are far from satisfied by the police action
and say this sort of thing has been going on for years. Archbishop Nourhan Manougian says he expects the education minister
to say something.
"When there is an attack against Jews anywhere in the world,
the Israeli government is incensed, so why when our religion and pride are hurt, don't they take harsher measures?" he asks.
According to Daniel Rossing, former adviser to the Religious
Affairs Ministry on Christian affairs and director of a Jerusalem center for Christian-Jewish dialogue, there has been an
increase in the number of such incidents recently, "as part of a general atmosphere of lack of tolerance in the country."
Rossing says there are certain common characeristics from the
point of view of time and location to the incidents. He points to the fact that there are more incidents in areas where Jews
and Christians mingle, such as the Jewish and Armenian quarters of the Old City and the Jaffa Gate.
There are an increased number at certain times of year, such
as during the Purim holiday."I know Christians who lock themselves indoors during the entire Purim holiday," he says.
Former adviser to the mayor on Christian affairs, Shmuel Evyatar,
describes the situation as "a huge disgrace." He says most of the instigators are yeshiva students studying in the Old City
who view the Christian religion with disdain.
"I'm sure the phenomenon would end as soon as rabbis and well-known
educators denounce it. In practice, rabbis of yeshivas ignore or even encourage it," he says.
Evyatar says he himself was spat at while walking with a Serbian
bishop in the Jewish quarter, near his home. "A group of yeshiva students spat at us and their teacher just stood by and watched."
Jerusalem municipal officials said they are aware of the problem
but it has to be dealt with by the police. Shmuel Ben-Ruby, the police spokesman, said they had only two complaints from Christians
in the past two years. He said that, in both cases, the culprits were caught and punished.